By planting more trees
Afforestation or planting of trees can help us control environmental degradation. Plants give us oxygen and take in carbon dioxide, thereby reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Forests are home to various indigenous species. Cutting them creates an imbalance in the ecosystem. The roots of the plant hold onto the soil preventing soil erosion. Plants provide us with food and shelter. They also help in controlling the temperature of our planet. They can regulate rainfall. So, let’s plant a tree and contribute to saving our environment.
Rainwater harvesting or collection of rainwater for domestic purposes is a way to prevent wastage of water. The unavailability of drinking water and water pollution makes it hard for people to find healthy drinking water. The water collected by rainwater harvesting can be used for agricultural purposes, domestic works, and cooking. Using this method, we recycle the rainwater for our personal use and thus avoid wastage of water.
Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle
The resources are limited and cannot be renewed. Such resources are called non-renewable resources. There is a sudden rise in the human population. So, the resources are being overused. This can lead to exhaustion. So, we need to reduce the use and emission of greenhouse gases. We can reuse the items and recycle them. We can avoid plastic bags and stick to jute bags. The cans can be recycled. We can avoid buying items that are not important.
By reducing the use of chlorofluorocarbons
Chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs such as methane are known as greenhouse gases. They are harmful to the atmosphere and deplete the ozone layer. These gases trap heat in the atmosphere and giving rise to global warming. Depletion in the ozone layer allows ultraviolet rays into the atmosphere. These rays can cause skin diseases in humans, such as skin cancer, eczema, etc. CFCs are extensively used in ACs and refrigerators. So it is necessary to cut down their use. This will reduce the global emission rate and prevent drastic climate change.
Reduce fuel consumption
The cars release harmful gases like carbon monoxide into the environment. This increases the amount of carbon in the air, causing air pollution. Fuels such as diesel and petrol are limited sources of energy. Excessive use of diesel and petrol will lead to the extinction of resources. Rather, we can travel by bus and other means of public transport or just use the bicycle lying in your house. Also, we can save energy like electricity by switching them off when not in use. We can use renewable energies such as CNG, solar energy, etc. They are found amply in nature and are inexhaustible.