It is a clear fact that ,the Increasing demand of charcoal for domestic used in Africa Is becoming a big problem to the entire African forestry ,and as such this Is contributing to deforestation, desertification and climate change which may likely causes series of problems to human health and the migration of all the wild animal in the entire region.
In poor developing-country households, wood, charcoal and other solid fuels (mainly agricultural residues and coal) are often burned in open fires or poorly functioning stoves.
Indeed ,Poverty and unemployed has contributed immensely to the daily attacks on African forest trees for domestic used.
Wood fuel meets around a tenth of the world’s energy demand, with its users overwhelmingly found in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, nine out of ten people—around 760 million individuals—rely on firewood and charcoal as their primary source of energy for cooking, heating and other uses.
African climate reporters after spending months of investigation find out that ,majority of Rural Dweller in Africa usually cut down the forest trees and burn them to make charcoal that can be sold in the market
They transport them to various cities and Town through Truck and other vehicles for sale without planting new trees to replace the old once.
However, there is growing concern that the forest could soon turn into desert. As they have been linked to forest degradation, deforestation, and respiratory diseases (from indoor smoke), and major efforts directed at reducing or replacing their use.
The charcoal is sold in bags and each country has its own prices ,
Incomplete combustion leads to the release of small particles and other constituents that have been shown to be damaging to human health in the household environment. Too little is known, however, to distinguish any differences in health effects of smoke from different kinds of biomass.
The emission of PM2.5, PM10, formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde were 5-10 times those of the second highest charcoal. The results suggest that the adverse effects of the large amounts of air pollutants generated during indoor charcoal combustion on health and indoor air quality must not be ignored
A large part of the world’s population uses fuel wood for household cooking and space heating, mostly in developing countries.
Energy from traditional biomass fuel is thought to account for nearly one-tenth of all human energy demand today (more than hydro and nuclear power together), and wood-based fuels probably make up some two-thirds of household use.
Given that levels of household solid fuel use are expected to remain high, efforts to improve household air quality are concentrated on improving stove efficiency and venting the smoke away from the home.
Wood and other biomass fuels can be burned cleanly with the right technology and thus can have a long-term role in sustainable development where they are renewably harvested. Thus programmes for the modernization of woodfuel use for household and cottage industries in the poorest areas of developing countries should be part of the development agenda.
More forestry are turning to be desert as the demand of charcoal increases ,as such more wild-lives are in dangers
These initiatives, such as promoting fuel-efficient stoves; introducing modern, more efficient charcoal-burning kilns; and encouraging the use of alternative fuels like gas, kerosene and electricity, have had mixed results in Africa.
Furthermore, in countries like Kenya and Namibia where charcoal is legal, the regulatory framework for stakeholders is complex, multi-layered and obscure, and periodic bans on the production and trade of charcoal are not uncommon; these bans are not always effective.
But the question I always asked is ,Are African Union AU really engaged in the fight against climate change in their region?
Or are they just sitting down watching the extinction of their forestry without many any effort of stopping deforestation in their region?
There are so many question that remains un answered ,but we are hoping that African need to be informed about the dangers of deforestation so that they can also contribute in the daily battled against climate change in their region