Climate Change Impacts on Environment: Human Displacement and Social Conflicts in Nigeria


In northern Nigeria, drought and desertification have grossly affected water available and land carrying capacity for both pastureland and farmlands. Hence, the northerners, particularly, the
youthinevitably migrate to the south for greener pasture for themselves and the animals.Most of these youths are uneducated and not skilled to secure employment, they, therefore, become
an instrument in the hands of religious bigotry.

This climatic change can also result in a rise in sea level, thereby increasing the flood events especially, in Nigeria’s lowlands. These changes
have not only caused fierce conflicts buthave additionally brought about the death of thousands and rendered many homeless.The Nigeria Middle Belt has been the region most
impacted by violent death resulting from land resource scarcity.

The conflict has ensued between contrasting groups when essential resources become scarcely limited. Northern Nigeria accounts for 68% of every fiercedeath due to the issues of land between farmers and pastoralists in 2006 and 2014, a figure not half the reported cases in 2018 alone.The inadequacies in the Nigerian adaptation efforts to its dwindling climate could be attributed to corruption, institutional shortcomings and political will predisposes the country to more dangers of environmental change impacts. Therefore, climate change mitigating and adaptation measures, unbiased and efficient conflict management strategies, as well as the improved condition of living must be ensured by the government stakeholders to safecurrent and future generations of the country from havocs due to climate impacts


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