The contributions of women in climate change have received increasing attention in the early 21st century,because Women have made major contributions to climate change research and policy and to broader analysis of global environmental issues.
Women in rural areas across many African countries are closely involved in crop cultivation, often more so than men. Alongside their farming work women also typically carry the bulk of household responsibilities like cooking, childcare, and collecting fuel wood and water
There are so many ways in which the African women”Housewies:” can play an active role in the daily fight against all forms of weather threat that include deforestation, Climate change, ,desertification and world Global warming;
According to the director African climate reporters Dr piman hoffman, ” The more we engaged women in trees planting campaign, the more we succeed in reducing our ecological challenges,and the more our environment is save”
He said, we must engage women in the fight against global warming to make the earth a better place for both human,animal and all the living thing on the environment.
In many cases, women are more Vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change because of their lower social status in most countries. Many impoverished women, especially those in the developing world, are farmers and depend on the natural environment for subsistence and income.
The following are some of the ways, Housewives can support Government and Non-governmental organization in the fight climate change and desertification in Africa
1-Housewives can be approached through morning shows to participate in this campaign
2-Housewives who live in flats should be trained through media on bucket farming
3-They can also be trained to grow curry related herbs in small earthen pots inside their homes and can also save money
4- At community level housewives can also motivate their men folk to participate in this campaign
The women involved in this activity have played strong role in adopting low-carbon technologies, spreading knowledge about climate change, and urging government and businesses to take action.
Climate change does not affect everyone equally. Poor and disadvantaged groups of people often suffer the most, and women in particular are vulnerable and struggle to adapt. In rural and developing countries like Nigeria and Niger republic , where communities rely heavily on natural resources for food, energy, and income, climate change has a tremendous impact on the daily risks women face.
More often than not, the roles women play greatly differ from those of their male peers; they usually manage the use and supply of most household food and energy, and as such are in a distinctly advantageous position to make alternative energy policy decisions and can offer a complimentary set of solutions to address climate change.
As climate change materializes, educated women are also more equipped to address plant disease, diminished soil quality, changing seed-sowing times, and other consequences to sustain themselves and their families, elevating climate resilience in the whole community.
Giving women this active role allowed them to address issues that the programs had not even considered previously“Women are seeing the impacts on their communities, on their families, on their children in very direct ways.”
Currently, 62 million girls are denied the right to attend school, and climate-related crises further reduce that capacity. In times of hardship, girls are more likely to be married early since a girl’s dowry can help a family cope with financial stress, and girls are the first to be removed from school to help with household needs. But mobilizing communities to support and sustain education for girls can greatly benefit local social and environmental conditions. Combined with family planning, this can reduce carbon emissions by an estimated 123 Gigatons by 2050.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), if all women smallholders receive equal access to productive resources, their farm yields will rise by 20-30%, total agricultural output in low-income countries would increase by 2.5-4%, and the number of undernourished people in the world would drop by 12-17%. Some studies even show that if women have access to the same resources as men – all else being equal – their output would actually exceed that of men’s by 7-23%.
Dr piman hoffman note that,Across the globe, increasing attention is being paid to how trees and agroforestry systems can help mitigate climate change. Trees can and do help farmers build resilience to changing weather patterns by providing them with a range of goods and services.
If trees are to be promoted to farmers for these reasons, it is surely important to know who it is on the farm that makes decisions about tree planting.